With the increasing amount of natural disasters, many of us hope that the government will be there to help. And it does. But one thing is true; even with all the budgetary allocation for disaster preparedness, when disaster strikes, the victims face it first hand. In this post we will be looking into some fundamental prepping skills that everyone forgets about.
Before any help can show up, you will have spent several hours, days or even weeks before help can come. Depending on where you are and the nature of the disaster.
Well, unfortunately, that’s how life is. As much as we may want to say that the government might fail in its responsiveness, it may not be possible to help everyone when disaster strikes. Especially when the area affected is pretty large and is densely populated.
Even if you were to go to your nearby rescue center, the truth is that they may be pretty ill prepared for an emergency. Making it almost impossible for them to manage the large group of those in need.
Soon, you will start fighting for staples when the rescue center cannot keep up with the number. So what should you do at such times? Well, you could decide to bug out and make sure to pack essential supplies to last for a while out in the wilderness. Or you can decide to stay in and prepare for situation like that.
But when you start prepping, you have control over what happens during a survival situation. You don’t just wait for the government and aid agencies to rescue you.
Instead, you take deliberate measures to ensure that you have everything you need to survive. But even with all the prepping, one thing is true; your mindset is your biggest asset when it comes to prepping.
With the right mindset, you can do anything and overcome any challenge you may face. But whatever you do, it is important to keep the following in mind.
Rules of 3’s
3 minutes without air is enough to leave you unconscious
3 hours without synchronized body temperature is enough to leave you unconscious
3 days without water will leave you dead
3 weeks without food is enough to kill you
This means one thing; as you prepare for survival, you need to make sure that you prep in order. Start with shelter followed by water then finally food.
With proper planning, assessment, and re-evaluation, you should be able to avoid/cut panic and negative mindset. With that, your chances of survival will be drastically increased. So how do you prep? Where do you start? Well, it starts with preparing a survival pantry.
Without food and water, you are pretty much doomed no matter what else you may be having. As such, before you can do anything else, the first thing you need to do is to set up a survival pantry.
You can keep this in a survival bag or in a fixed pantry in your house. There you will keep enough food to sustain you for a few days into the disaster.
For this, you will need to consider the perceived impact and the period you think the disaster may last. Don’t just stockpile stuff that you have never eaten.
Instead, stock stuff that you eat daily to avoid instances of discovering that you cannot eat something. Nonetheless, what you pack in your pantry (or survival bag) is truly up to you. But as you do that, you need to consider a few pointers:
Macronutrients: You should aim to have all the essential macronutrients in your pantry to ensure that you have a balanced meal. This should ideally comprise 5-20% proteins for toddlers & babies. 10-35% proteins for adults, and 10-30% proteins for kids and teens. As for carbs, you should aim for about 45-65%. For fats; you should aim to have 30-40% for babies & toddlers, 25-35% for kids & teens, and 20-35% for adults. As for the calories, you should aim for at least 1200 calories.
Tip about meals: Aim for about 500-700 calories per meal for each of the three meals. Then, calculate that for the number of days that you want the food to last you. To help you stockpile fast, try to buy an extra item every time you go shopping. You will soon find yourself with a good quantity of such items. But don’t just keep them forever; try to cycle such items in your everyday consumption to ensure you don’t end up with expired food products. You can try to keep the new food at the back and those that have stayed for awhile at the front.
Tip: Keep in mind that there is something referred to as food fatigue caused by taking the same old food every other day. As such, don’t just assume that any food is food during a survival situation. Try to have variety if you truly want to have a smooth time.
You can pack such things like: 45-60 ready to eat meals packed in vacuum pouch bags. Salt and pepper to make food tasty
Seeds: these are easy to pack and are light to carry around. Of course, if you are to survive in the wild for longer, you will somehow need to figure out a way of growing your own foods and not just relying on fish and meats. You can pack squash, corn, tomatoes, cantaloupe, lettuce, early carrots, broccoli, watermelon, Swish chard, onions, red beets, pumpkins, potatoes (white), cabbage, spinach, various herbs, sweet potatoes etc.
These will be made up of energy giving food and they include; pasta, rice, oats, cereals, pancake mixes, stuffing mixes and other similar foods.
These will serve as your major source of vitamins and minerals and they include a variety of canned vegetables.
You can get more fruit supply through foraging, but you need to pick your own fruits just in case. Items in this category will include all canned fruits and fruit juice that come in containers.
Basic food in this category include; canned salmon, canned tuna, peanut butter, canned lentils, canned legumes, canned soups, eggs and dried legumes.
These are other sources of proteins that will be needed and they will include packed dry milk, cheese, and yoghurt, canned liquid milk, soy milk etc.
These are other miscellaneous items you will need in your survival bag and they include wine especially non-alcoholic ones because you will need to stay alert at all times to survive during this period. Others you will need will include: condiments like sauce, olive oil, butter, vinegar, ketchup, salt, ginger, pepper, dried herbs, sugar, and honey.
What To Put In Your Prepping Bag
You should always stick to canned items unless you are sure that your stay is a very short one. Canned foods can last for months if not years before they expire. That is the best option for you, not fresh foods that will get spoiled in a matter of days.
You should always choose dried food to fresh ones; the moisture in dried foods has been extracted making them to last longer than fresh food.
Think Long Term
You have to think long term when packing your pantry bag because you never can tell how long you will stay out there before help comes your way. So you need to include as many items as you can carry to last for a long time.
Always Check For Expiration Dates
If you’re buying canned food, it is advised that you take time to check the expiration. Dates for every item before purchase Try to go for items with longer expiration dates.
When packing your survival bag, ensure that the food in the bag is able to make you a balanced meal without your secondary source of food. That is why from the list I made on how to pack a pantry bag, I ensured that all the classes of food were present in the list to some extent. You need well balanced meals to stay fit, and fortify your immune system.
Important Note: Even as you pack various foods, ensure to carry cookware. You can use a backpacker’s cooking set, which you can fasten to the outside of the bug out bag or on your belt.
But as you do this, ensure to carry one fork, a table knife and a strong spoon. You should also think of having a thick iron skillet or a cooking pot if need be.
Keep in mind that fire is life when it comes to survival. It will keep you warm at night and will help you prepare various foods comfortably.
As such, don’t under pack when it comes to prepping for fire. Because without anything else, knowing how to light a fire can keep you alive. Since you can hunt, catch various insects and prepare various foods.
As such, ensure to have such things like 3 steel flint fire starters. Bic lighters, waterproof matches and a hand lens can come in very handy as well.
And even as you do all that, you will also need to set up a survival bag. A bug out bag that you will be carrying around with you. You can even place one at different places like in your car, your office, your home and other areas.
Just to ensure that you always have enough survival stuff to survive for several days if disaster strikes.